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Major differences among beam and lintel

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Beam & Lintel both belong to flexural members and segments of structural system. They are primarily horizontal members but there are some discrepancies in the structural behavior and load carrying system.

Beam
• The purpose of beam is to shift load from slab to columns/walls.
Lintel
• The main objective is to rest the wall over the openings/door/window situated in a wall.

Beam
• It belongs to a framing member and segment of Structural Frame.
Lintel
• It is usually not a framing member and as well as a segment of Structural Frame.

Beam
• Beam bears load from slab/floor/roof.
Lintel
• Lintel bears load of wall over the openings/door/window.

Beam
• It may function as a fixed beam or simply supported beam.
Lintel
• It usually functions as a simply supported beam.

Also Read: Details of post lintel structure

Beam
• Beam stands for a horizontal member that is arranged parallel to slab.
Lintel
• Lintel stands for a horizontal member that is arranged across opening.

Beam
• Its width is identical or in excess of the size of wall underneath.
Lintel
• Its width is identical to the size of wall underneath.

Beam
• Beam is generally arranged at floor height.
Lintel
• Lintel is arranged over the openings.

Beam
• Although it is mainly a structural member it can also be utilized as a elegant architectural element.
Lintel
• It is primarily a structural member.

Major differences among beam and lintel